Friday, November 13, 2009

Interesting Astrophysics: Nov 09 to 13

A mixed set of interesting preprints this week, with a strong emphasis on winds, either supernova-driven winds starbursts at high redshift (Kornei et al) or possibly from the center of our own galaxy (Law), and even outflows driven by black holes (King).

A second theme with a strong showing of interesting papers is astrobiology: the biological effects of radiation from "normal" stellar processes on the main sequence (Cuntz et al) or from Gamma ray bursts (Martin et al).

Galaxies and Starbursts

Morphologies of local Lyman break galaxy analogs II: A Comparison with galaxies at z=2-4 in ACS and WFC3 images of the Hubble Ultra Deep Field
R.A. Overzier, T.M. Heckman, D. Schiminovich, A. Basu-Zych, T. Goncalves, D.C. Martin, R.M. Rich, arXiv:0911.1279 [ps, pdf, other]
Comments: Submitted to ApJ (14 pages, 7 figures). For a high-resolution colour version and background material, see this http URL

The Relationship Between Stellar Populations and Lyman Alpha Emission in Lyman Break Galaxies
Katherine A. Kornei, Alice E. Shapley, Dawn K. Erb, Charles C. Steidel, Naveen A. Reddy, Max Pettini, Milan Bogosavljevic, arXiv:0911.2000 [ps, pdf, other]
Comments: 24 pages, 15 figures, submitted to ApJ

From their abstract: "We accordingly conclude that, within the LBG sample, objects with strong Lya emission represent a later stage of galaxy evolution in which supernovae-induced outflows have reduced the dust covering fraction. We also examined the hypothesis that the attenuation of Lya photons is lower than that of the continuum, as proposed by some, but found no evidence to support this picture."

A Multiwavelength View of a Mass Outflow from the Galactic Center
C. J. Law, arXiv:0911.2061 [pdf, other]
Comments: Accepted to ApJ. 15 pages, 8 (compressed) figures

From the abstract: "I compare the physical conditions of the GC lobe to several models and find best agreement with the canonical starburst outflow model. The formation of the GC lobe is consistent with the currently observed pressure and star formation rate in the central tens of parsecs of our Galaxy. Outflows of this scale are more typical of dwarf galaxies and would not be easily detected in nearby spiral galaxies. Thus, the existence of such an outflow in our own Galaxy may indicate that it is relatively common phenomenon in the nuclei of spiral galaxies."

Black Holes and AGN

Discovery of a 115 Day Orbital Period in the Ultraluminous X-ray Source NGC 5408 X-1
Tod E. Strohmayer, arXiv:0911.1339 [ps, pdf, other]
Comments: Accepted for Publication in the Astrophysical Journal Letters

Black Hole Outflows
A.R. King, arXiv:0911.1639 [ps, pdf, other]
Comments: MNRAS, to appear

Numerical Astrophyics

Generating on-the-fly large samples of theoretical spectra through N-dimensional grid
Ching-Wa Yip, arXiv:0911.1280 [ps, pdf, other]
Comments: 7 pages, 5 figures, 1 table. Accepted for publication in AJ

Stars, Supernovae and Planets

Biological Damage due to Photospheric, Chromospheric and Flare Radiation in the Environments of Main-Sequence Stars
M. Cuntz, E. F. Guinan, R. L. Kurucz, arXiv:0911.1982 [ps, pdf, other]
Comments: 8 pages, 4 figues, Planetary Systems as Potential Sites for Life, Invited Paper, IAU Symposium 264, eds. A. Kosovichev et al. (San Francisco: Astr. Soc. Pac.), in press

Effects of Gamma Ray Bursts in Earth Biosphere
Osmel Martin, Rolando Cardenas, Mayrene Guimaraes, Liuba Penate, Jorge Horvath, Douglas Galante, arXiv:0911.2196 [pdf, other]
Comments: Accepted for publication in Astrophysics & Space Science

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