Tuesday, December 11, 2012

Unix tip: Show gcc's predefined macros

If you ever need to know what your Gnu compiler is setting as predefined macros, along with their values, then run the following command in a shell:

gcc -dM -E - < /dev/null | sort
I recently had to find out how to do this to fix a bug compiling old versions of boost on Fedora, and thought this sufficiently interesting to note down permanently. The following is the output on the virtual Fedora I'm running on my Macbook. Not only can you get access to the version of the compiler but there is a host of primitive type size and precision information.
#define __amd64 1
#define __amd64__ 1
#define __BIGGEST_ALIGNMENT__ 16
#define __BYTE_ORDER__ __ORDER_LITTLE_ENDIAN__
#define __CHAR16_TYPE__ short unsigned int
#define __CHAR32_TYPE__ unsigned int
#define __CHAR_BIT__ 8
#define __DBL_DECIMAL_DIG__ 17
#define __DBL_DENORM_MIN__ ((double)4.94065645841246544177e-324L)
#define __DBL_DIG__ 15
#define __DBL_EPSILON__ ((double)2.22044604925031308085e-16L)
#define __DBL_HAS_DENORM__ 1
#define __DBL_HAS_INFINITY__ 1
#define __DBL_HAS_QUIET_NAN__ 1
#define __DBL_MANT_DIG__ 53
#define __DBL_MAX_10_EXP__ 308
#define __DBL_MAX__ ((double)1.79769313486231570815e+308L)
#define __DBL_MAX_EXP__ 1024
#define __DBL_MIN_10_EXP__ (-307)
#define __DBL_MIN__ ((double)2.22507385850720138309e-308L)
#define __DBL_MIN_EXP__ (-1021)
#define __DEC128_EPSILON__ 1E-33DL
#define __DEC128_MANT_DIG__ 34
#define __DEC128_MAX__ 9.999999999999999999999999999999999E6144DL
#define __DEC128_MAX_EXP__ 6145
#define __DEC128_MIN__ 1E-6143DL
#define __DEC128_MIN_EXP__ (-6142)
#define __DEC128_SUBNORMAL_MIN__ 0.000000000000000000000000000000001E-6143DL
#define __DEC32_EPSILON__ 1E-6DF
#define __DEC32_MANT_DIG__ 7
#define __DEC32_MAX__ 9.999999E96DF
#define __DEC32_MAX_EXP__ 97
#define __DEC32_MIN__ 1E-95DF
#define __DEC32_MIN_EXP__ (-94)
#define __DEC32_SUBNORMAL_MIN__ 0.000001E-95DF
#define __DEC64_EPSILON__ 1E-15DD
#define __DEC64_MANT_DIG__ 16
#define __DEC64_MAX__ 9.999999999999999E384DD
#define __DEC64_MAX_EXP__ 385
#define __DEC64_MIN__ 1E-383DD
#define __DEC64_MIN_EXP__ (-382)
#define __DEC64_SUBNORMAL_MIN__ 0.000000000000001E-383DD
#define __DEC_EVAL_METHOD__ 2
#define __DECIMAL_BID_FORMAT__ 1
#define __DECIMAL_DIG__ 21
#define __ELF__ 1
#define __FINITE_MATH_ONLY__ 0
#define __FLOAT_WORD_ORDER__ __ORDER_LITTLE_ENDIAN__
#define __FLT_DECIMAL_DIG__ 9
#define __FLT_DENORM_MIN__ 1.40129846432481707092e-45F
#define __FLT_DIG__ 6
#define __FLT_EPSILON__ 1.19209289550781250000e-7F
#define __FLT_EVAL_METHOD__ 0
#define __FLT_HAS_DENORM__ 1
#define __FLT_HAS_INFINITY__ 1
#define __FLT_HAS_QUIET_NAN__ 1
#define __FLT_MANT_DIG__ 24
#define __FLT_MAX_10_EXP__ 38
#define __FLT_MAX__ 3.40282346638528859812e+38F
#define __FLT_MAX_EXP__ 128
#define __FLT_MIN_10_EXP__ (-37)
#define __FLT_MIN__ 1.17549435082228750797e-38F
#define __FLT_MIN_EXP__ (-125)
#define __FLT_RADIX__ 2
#define __GCC_HAVE_DWARF2_CFI_ASM 1
#define __GCC_HAVE_SYNC_COMPARE_AND_SWAP_1 1
#define __GCC_HAVE_SYNC_COMPARE_AND_SWAP_2 1
#define __GCC_HAVE_SYNC_COMPARE_AND_SWAP_4 1
#define __GCC_HAVE_SYNC_COMPARE_AND_SWAP_8 1
#define __GNUC__ 4
#define __GNUC_GNU_INLINE__ 1
#define __GNUC_MINOR__ 6
#define __GNUC_PATCHLEVEL__ 3
#define __GNUC_RH_RELEASE__ 2
#define __gnu_linux__ 1
#define __GXX_ABI_VERSION 1002
#define __INT16_C(c) c
#define __INT16_MAX__ 32767
#define __INT16_TYPE__ short int
#define __INT32_C(c) c
#define __INT32_MAX__ 2147483647
#define __INT32_TYPE__ int
#define __INT64_C(c) c ## L
#define __INT64_MAX__ 9223372036854775807L
#define __INT64_TYPE__ long int
#define __INT8_C(c) c
#define __INT8_MAX__ 127
#define __INT8_TYPE__ signed char
#define __INT_FAST16_MAX__ 9223372036854775807L
#define __INT_FAST16_TYPE__ long int
#define __INT_FAST32_MAX__ 9223372036854775807L
#define __INT_FAST32_TYPE__ long int
#define __INT_FAST64_MAX__ 9223372036854775807L
#define __INT_FAST64_TYPE__ long int
#define __INT_FAST8_MAX__ 127
#define __INT_FAST8_TYPE__ signed char
#define __INT_LEAST16_MAX__ 32767
#define __INT_LEAST16_TYPE__ short int
#define __INT_LEAST32_MAX__ 2147483647
#define __INT_LEAST32_TYPE__ int
#define __INT_LEAST64_MAX__ 9223372036854775807L
#define __INT_LEAST64_TYPE__ long int
#define __INT_LEAST8_MAX__ 127
#define __INT_LEAST8_TYPE__ signed char
#define __INT_MAX__ 2147483647
#define __INTMAX_C(c) c ## L
#define __INTMAX_MAX__ 9223372036854775807L
#define __INTMAX_TYPE__ long int
#define __INTPTR_MAX__ 9223372036854775807L
#define __INTPTR_TYPE__ long int
#define __k8 1
#define __k8__ 1
#define __LDBL_DENORM_MIN__ 3.64519953188247460253e-4951L
#define __LDBL_DIG__ 18
#define __LDBL_EPSILON__ 1.08420217248550443401e-19L
#define __LDBL_HAS_DENORM__ 1
#define __LDBL_HAS_INFINITY__ 1
#define __LDBL_HAS_QUIET_NAN__ 1
#define __LDBL_MANT_DIG__ 64
#define __LDBL_MAX_10_EXP__ 4932
#define __LDBL_MAX__ 1.18973149535723176502e+4932L
#define __LDBL_MAX_EXP__ 16384
#define __LDBL_MIN_10_EXP__ (-4931)
#define __LDBL_MIN__ 3.36210314311209350626e-4932L
#define __LDBL_MIN_EXP__ (-16381)
#define __linux 1
#define __linux__ 1
#define linux 1
#define __LONG_LONG_MAX__ 9223372036854775807LL
#define __LONG_MAX__ 9223372036854775807L
#define __LP64__ 1
#define _LP64 1
#define __MMX__ 1
#define __NO_INLINE__ 1
#define __ORDER_BIG_ENDIAN__ 4321
#define __ORDER_LITTLE_ENDIAN__ 1234
#define __ORDER_PDP_ENDIAN__ 3412
#define __PRAGMA_REDEFINE_EXTNAME 1
#define __PTRDIFF_MAX__ 9223372036854775807L
#define __PTRDIFF_TYPE__ long int
#define __REGISTER_PREFIX__
#define __SCHAR_MAX__ 127
#define __SHRT_MAX__ 32767
#define __SIG_ATOMIC_MAX__ 2147483647
#define __SIG_ATOMIC_MIN__ (-__SIG_ATOMIC_MAX__ - 1)
#define __SIG_ATOMIC_TYPE__ int
#define __SIZE_MAX__ 18446744073709551615UL
#define __SIZEOF_DOUBLE__ 8
#define __SIZEOF_FLOAT__ 4
#define __SIZEOF_INT128__ 16
#define __SIZEOF_INT__ 4
#define __SIZEOF_LONG__ 8
#define __SIZEOF_LONG_DOUBLE__ 16
#define __SIZEOF_LONG_LONG__ 8
#define __SIZEOF_POINTER__ 8
#define __SIZEOF_PTRDIFF_T__ 8
#define __SIZEOF_SHORT__ 2
#define __SIZEOF_SIZE_T__ 8
#define __SIZEOF_WCHAR_T__ 4
#define __SIZEOF_WINT_T__ 4
#define __SIZE_TYPE__ long unsigned int
#define __SSE__ 1
#define __SSE2__ 1
#define __SSE2_MATH__ 1
#define __SSE_MATH__ 1
#define __STDC__ 1
#define __STDC_HOSTED__ 1
#define __UINT16_C(c) c
#define __UINT16_MAX__ 65535
#define __UINT16_TYPE__ short unsigned int
#define __UINT32_C(c) c ## U
#define __UINT32_MAX__ 4294967295U
#define __UINT32_TYPE__ unsigned int
#define __UINT64_C(c) c ## UL
#define __UINT64_MAX__ 18446744073709551615UL
#define __UINT64_TYPE__ long unsigned int
#define __UINT8_C(c) c
#define __UINT8_MAX__ 255
#define __UINT8_TYPE__ unsigned char
#define __UINT_FAST16_MAX__ 18446744073709551615UL
#define __UINT_FAST16_TYPE__ long unsigned int
#define __UINT_FAST32_MAX__ 18446744073709551615UL
#define __UINT_FAST32_TYPE__ long unsigned int
#define __UINT_FAST64_MAX__ 18446744073709551615UL
#define __UINT_FAST64_TYPE__ long unsigned int
#define __UINT_FAST8_MAX__ 255
#define __UINT_FAST8_TYPE__ unsigned char
#define __UINT_LEAST16_MAX__ 65535
#define __UINT_LEAST16_TYPE__ short unsigned int
#define __UINT_LEAST32_MAX__ 4294967295U
#define __UINT_LEAST32_TYPE__ unsigned int
#define __UINT_LEAST64_MAX__ 18446744073709551615UL
#define __UINT_LEAST64_TYPE__ long unsigned int
#define __UINT_LEAST8_MAX__ 255
#define __UINT_LEAST8_TYPE__ unsigned char
#define __UINTMAX_C(c) c ## UL
#define __UINTMAX_MAX__ 18446744073709551615UL
#define __UINTMAX_TYPE__ long unsigned int
#define __UINTPTR_MAX__ 18446744073709551615UL
#define __UINTPTR_TYPE__ long unsigned int
#define __unix 1
#define __unix__ 1
#define unix 1
#define __USER_LABEL_PREFIX__
#define __VERSION__ "4.6.3 20120306 (Red Hat 4.6.3-2)"
#define __WCHAR_MAX__ 2147483647
#define __WCHAR_MIN__ (-__WCHAR_MAX__ - 1)
#define __WCHAR_TYPE__ int
#define __WINT_MAX__ 4294967295U
#define __WINT_MIN__ 0U
#define __WINT_TYPE__ unsigned int
#define __x86_64 1
#define __x86_64__ 1

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